Italian born Ettore Bugatti worked for various German automobile manufacturers until he established his own factory in Molsheim, located in the Elsass region of the German Empire. After WWI the Elsass became French under the name of Alsace. Ettore Bugatti is initially known for his innovative sports and racing cars and later also for his luxury and sporty automobiles, but he also designed and produced aircrafts, aircraft engines, rail cars, boats and submarines. Bugatti is known for the artistic way in which the designs were executed. Bugatti built about 8000 cars until WWII, of which around 2000 still exist today. The period until 1930 Bugatti race-cars were extremelly successful. The “Type 13″, with a 4-cilinder 1500 cc engine, took the first 4 places in the Italian Grand Prix in 1921. The “Type 35″ is probably the most successful car of all time, with over 2000 wins. In 1939 a “Type 57″ won Le Mans. Bugatti built a few more cars after WWII, but the company closed by the death of Ettore in 1947.